Basic principles of Web 2.0 when creating websites
We often talk about Web 2.0. There is a lot of talk about Web 2.0. Today, you can find a huge number of offers to make websites in the style of Web 2.0. However, how many people really understand the meaning of this concept?
If You are interested in learning what Web 2.0 is and its principles, then let’s try to shed light on this, I’m not afraid of this word, a tricky question.
So, Web 2.0. What is it like?
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, gives us this definition of Tim o’reilly: “Web 2.0 is a method of designing systems that, by taking into account network interactions, become better the more people use them. A feature of web 2.0. this is the principle of attracting users to the content and multiple verification of content.”
The term “Web 2.0” was coined by Tim o’reilly, who introduced it in his article “Tim o’reilly – What is Web 2.0” on September 30, 2005. In this article, the author linked the appearance of a large number of sites United by some common principles with the General trend of development of the Internet community, and called this phenomenon Web 2.0, as opposed to the “old” Web 1.0.
What does Web 2.0 look like?
Rounded corners, gradient colors, easy-to-read fonts, icons, the effect of reflection in pictures, page layout in 1-2 columns – these are all common external manifestations of Web 2.0. But is this the only point of Web 2.0? Any site designed this way will automatically be considered “web two-zero”? Not really. Web 2.0 is primarily a convenience for the user. This means that the site in the Web 2.0 concept should do everything possible to make it convenient, useful and, of course, interesting for the user to be on such a site.
Creation of sites. Web 2.0
So what are the main principles of Web 2.0?
Web services Access to web services is carried out through a normal Internet browser, users do not need to install any additional programs on their computers, do not need to worry about constant version updates. And performing any calculations by web services does not require any resources from the user – all operations are performed by the server.
Mash-up. Mash-up, or mixing, is the ability to create a new web service by integrating the software capabilities of several other web services.
RSS. RSS is an XML-based technology that allows users to use a special aggregator program to view news from multiple sites as a single stream-a news feed. Thanks to this technology, users no longer need to review dozens of sites to find out the latest news. By subscribing to RSS, everyone can use a browser (for example, Opera, Mozilla FireFox) to read new publications from several sites in one place.
Tags Using special tags allows you to more conveniently identify and thematically sort content (articles, drawings, multimedia files). For example, the object “vase with yellow flowers” is difficult to assign to one category at once. Should I put this object in the “dishes” category? Or still in the category of “flowers”? Or maybe even in the “yellow” category? With the tags “vase”, “yellow” and “flowers”, this object can be quickly found in each of these categories. In Web 2.0, tags are represented as a so-called”tag cloud”. In this cloud, the most important and popular tags are marked larger and located in the center, while the least popular tags are located on the “periphery” of the cloud.
Wiki sites, of which Wikipedia is the most prominent example, allow their users to edit, add or delete information on the site themselves, and create new pages. Thus, users are more actively involved in filling sites with the information they need.
Keeping personal online diaries and blogs is a good example of socialization in Web 2.0. Using a blog, each user can somehow stand out from the crowd, personalize their specific area of the site – add personal audio and video files, images, publish their articles or share news. In addition, socialization is facilitated by the active creation of communities in which each user can leave a message, share a problem, get a variety of opinions and Express their own on a particular occasion.
These principles are only a small part of the Web 2.0 philosophy. The concept of Web 2.0 itself is a subject of fierce debate. Some people consider it a complete fiction, just an additional marketing move, and others – a real revolution in the web. However, the fact remains that Web 2.0 is an attempt to make the Internet more convenient, useful for the user, and give him more freedom of action